Follow the father
Li Shizhen, Ming Wuzong Zhengde thirteen years Lunar New Year on May 26 (July 15, 1518) was born in Hubei Qichun County Qizhou East Street, tile factory.
His grandfather is a herbalist, his father Li Yanwen was a famous doctor, served as a hospital case. At that time, the status of civil doctors is low, hard life, his father did not want Li Zhenzhen medicine. Li Shizhen at the age of 14 when the father to the Huangzhou House examination, the scholar and return, Li Shizhen was born in the doctor family, since childhood love medicine, not keen on the imperial examination, then three times to Wuchang examination, are not the first, determined to abandon Confucianism Medical, medical study. 23 years old with his father school medicine, medical name sunrise.
For the doctor
Ming Shizong Jiajing thirty years (1551), Li Shizhen 38 years old, due to cure Fushun Wang Zhu Houkun son's disease and medical name was significant, was Wuchang Chu Wang Zhu Ying hired as the palace of the "Temple" Good medical affairs. Ming Jiajing thirty-five years (1556) Li Shizhen was recommended to the hospital too. Grant "too hospital sentence" duties. Three years later, was recommended to Beijing Ren Tai Hospital sentenced. After serving a year, they resigned to return home.
There was a lot of controversy about the work of Li Shizhen in the Taiyuan Hospital. Some people think that Li Shizhen has served as a hospital doctor, but some people think that he is only serving the doctor (positive eight products). Regardless of the level of their posts, Li Shizhen was recommended in the DPRK is an undeniable fact. Too hospital work experience, it is possible for his life has brought a significant impact for the preparation of "Compendium of Materia Medica" lay the foundation. During this period, Li Shizhen actively engaged in drug research work, often go to the hospital too pharmacy and imperial medicine library, carefully and carefully compare the identification of medicinal herbs around, collected a lot of information, but also have the opportunity to enjoy the royal family and royal treasures Of the rich classics, including "the essence of this product." At the same time from the court obtained a large number of civil related information about the people, and saw a lot of usually difficult to see the drug specimens, broaden their horizons, rich knowledge.
Dongbi Church practice
Dong Chi Church is Li Shizhen in Ming Shizong Jiajing thirty years (1558) from the hospital after the death of the founder of the Church, resigned after returning home to practice medicine, is committed to the study of drugs, during this period to their own Of the word - East Bi for the Church, the creation of the East Church.
With great concentration
Li Shizhen in dozens of years of medical practice and reading classical medical books in the process, found that the ancient book contains a lot of mistakes, determined to re-compile a book of herbal medicine. Ming Shizong Jiajing thirty-one years (1552), Li Shizhen started to prepare the "Compendium of Materia Medica" to "card herbal medicine" modeled on more than 800 books, during which, from Jiajing forty-four years (1565) , Many times away from home to visit, footprints throughout the Huguang, Jiangxi, Zhili many mountains and rivers, to find out a lot of difficult problems.
In the preparation of "Compendium of Materia Medica" in the process, the most painful Li Shizhen is due to mixed drug name, often find out the shape of the drug and the growth of the situation. Although the author of the past cursive, although repeated explanation, but because some of the authors do not carry out in-depth investigation and study, but in the book to copy to copy, so the more confused the more confused, and contradictory, people no agreement. Such as drug Polygalaceae, North and South Dynasties famous medicine scientist Tao Hongjing said it is a grass, like ephedra, but the color of green, open white flowers, the Song Dynasty Ma Zhi think it is like Daqing, and blame Tao Hongjing do not know Polygalaceae. Another example is the girdling of a drug, and some say it like 萆 薢, and some say it like pull grass, and some say it like Guanzhong, saying very inconsistent. In his father's revelation, Li Shizhen realized that "read the book" of course, but "line" is more essential. So he both "collecting the hundred", and "interview the Quartet", in-depth investigation.
After 27 years of long-term efforts, in the Ming Shenzong Wanli six years (1578) to complete the "Compendium of Materia Medica" draft, when 61 years old. And then after 10 years three changes, before and after a total of 40 years. Wanli twenty-two years (AD 1593) died. Wanli twenty-five years (1596), that is, Li Shizhen after the death of the third year, "Compendium of Materia Medica" in Jinling (now Nanjing) officially published.
Li Shi-zhen (1518-1593), the word Dongbi, old age since the number of people near the lake, Hubei Qichun County Qinyang East Street, tile factory (now Dr. Street), the Ming Dynasty famous medical scientist. After the Chu Palace House Temple, the Royal Taiyuan Hospital sentenced, after the death of the Ming court imperial seal for the "Wenlin Lang."
Li Shizhen from 1565, has to Wudang Mountain, Lushan, Maoshan, cattle first and Huguang, Anhui, Henan, Hebei and other places to collect drug samples and prescriptions, and worship fishermen, woodcutters, farmers, drivers, pharmacists, snakes As a teacher, reference to the history of medicine and other books 925, archaeological evidence today, poor physical ", record tens of millions of words to read, find out many difficult problems, after 27 cold and heat, three easy draft, in the Ming Wanli eighteen Year (1590) completed the 192 million words of the masterpiece "Compendium of Materia Medica", in addition to the pulse and the odd by the eight pulse also studied. Written by the "Qi Jing eight pulse test" "close lake pulse" and so on.
In 1982, the cemetery Li Shizhen cemetery (Li Shizhen tomb) by the State Council as the second batch of "national key cultural relics protection units."